Who Knew?

These documents concern the thoughts and actions of the US Chemical Industry as regards Agent Orange and the dioxin component, as well as other herbicides and derivatives important to this issue of toxic exposures. Some of these documents are difficult to read and we will attempt to get transcripts of them posted.

A few of the names you encounter will include:
Nitro is a Monsanto plant in Nitro, West Virginia.
Memos and documents authored by R. Emmet Kelly in St. Louis are Monsanto internal documents.
Memos and Documents authored in Newark are Diamond-Alkali (Later Diamond Shamrock).
Dow documents from the 1950's are correspondence with a German company, Boeringer-Sohn, during a process in which Dow purchased know-how from Boeringer, subject to a confidentiality agreement, on how to avoid formation of dioxin during the manufacturing process of Trichlorophenol, which is a component of 2,4,5-T.



5 May 2015 - UKs Use of TCDD During the “Malayan Emergency” in 1952


11 Aug 09 - From Vietnam's THANHNIENNews.com Cry For Justice alleging chemical companies and US Government knew the AO dangers


8 Nov 08 - Feb 22, 1957 DOW letter referencing discussion in 1955 of reducing chloracne exciters in product mixtures


6 Nov 08 - February,1957, DOW Chemical Company letter addressing the known issue of chloracne among the production work force.


6 Nov 08 - March, 1957 letter discussing DOW Chemical's description of 2,3,7,8-T as the "most toxic compound they have ever experienced."


8 Nov 08 - July 29, 1957 memo reporting identity of "a highly active [component] in causing chloracne


8 Nov 08 - Oct. 11, 1957 memo addressing need to reduce TCDD byproduct of manufacturing.


9 Nov 08 - Sept 30, 1959, The German firm reports success in eliminating the component tetrachlorodibenzo dioxide (TCDD) or dioxin - eliminating this rendered the chemical inactive for chloracne


6 Nov 08 - January, 1965 DOW Chemical letter discussing Trichlorolphenol - Note the mention of NaCl (salt) and higher temperatures (Re: Salt water and desalination heat)


8 Nov 08 - March 29, 1965 Dow report of meeting discussion worker contamination, chiefly Chloracne and fatigue


6 Nov 08 - March, 1965 Letter from Nitro discussing DOW presentation given to Representatives of Hercules, Diamond, and Hooker covering dioxin, a potent carcinogen


8 Nov 08 - August 10, 1965, Naugatuck Chemicals memo mentions a DOW tour re:dioxin and 2 workmen in Germany killed by dioxin.


9 Nov 08 - January 4, 1966, Monsanto Nitro reports large monthly production and poor product quality


8 Nov 08 - Internal research memo in analysis to reduce TCDD (often referred to in these documents as TDD)


8 Nov 08 - Monsanto (St. Louis) document stating 1 ppm would cause chloracne


8 Nov 08 - DOW Chemical document - transcript expected soon.


9 Nov 08 - Sept. 7, 1967 DOW Chemical identifies Agent Orange produced under military directive in specific formulation by the government as a weapon


12 Nov 08 - January, 1968 - Shell Chemical letter and mention of 'Picloram in Vietnam.'


6 Nov 08 - January, 1969 Nitro Technical Memo re: reducing dioxin from 50ppm to 5ppm


6 Nov 08 - December, 1969 letter discussing dioxin, known as 2,3,7,8-T, being know in the late 1950's as a problem with chloracne


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